This is a harmonica players review, which means the ultimate focus is on the two songs on James Taylors latest release that contain harmonica playing (by Stevie Wonder and James Taylor respectively). The overall quality of this release is so high that I cant help but talk about other aspects of the recording first.
The roots of this music lie in the relaxed R&B-influenced rock style that Taylor practiced in the 1970s and 80s; we hear the apotheosis of that style on this record, where the band plays the grooves with exemplary grace, power, and economy. Theres plenty of guitar, including Taylors patented acoustic style, but the dominant sounds are of keyboards. Every member of the band is given the spotlight at some point, and on one cut Taylor gives the whole ensemble a chance to rock out at length. Many of the songs are enlivened with simple, colorful instrumental touches, like the pennywhistle Taylor plays effectively on “Jump Up Behind Me.” It’s a very good-sounding record.
The album features a number of exceptionally strong backup musicians, including several star guest soloists (Yo-Yo Ma, Branford Marsalis, Stevie Wonder, David Sanborn) and singers (Sting, Shawn Colvin). Taylor often uses the soloists as another voice, i.e. as a clear emotional and melodic counterpoint to the lead vocal, as opposed to mere filler between vocal lines. The most striking examples of this approach include Got to Spend A Little More Time with You, where the soloist is Stevie Wonder, and Up From Your Life, where Dave Sanborn absolutely tears the world down around the listener with his keening sound and sad melodies. I’ll note briefly that the songs are among the best Taylor has ever written, with great melodies and lyrics that address all the big issues love, death, generations, the fate of the earth without ever sounding pompous, overblown, or arrogant, or anything but true.
We can sum up the above as follows: buy this record and listen to it frequently. We can now discuss the harmonica work in detail.
Stevie Wonders work on Got to Spend A Little More Time with You is classic Wonder harmonica, and among the best he has ever recorded. The piece is played in F# major and G major on a C chromatic harmonica, great keys for Wonders favorite harmonica tricks. (F# was the key of Wonder’s classic hit “For Once in My Life”, and of its extraordinary, exuberent, much-imitated harmonica solo.) All the usual Wonder devices are there: a heavy reliance on the major pentatonic scale; plenty of little turns and trills courtesy of the chromatic harmonica slide; a keen sense of line; a suble feel for how a single carefully chosen note can imply harmony; nifty articulations that here include flutter-tonguing; and a big, gorgeous chromatic harmonica tone. He and Taylor are clearly inspired by each other, and the song is a fitting vehicle for Wonder, with its R&B groove and jazzy chord changes. Any fan of Wonders harmonica playing will be glad to have the record for this cut alone.
Taylors harmonica work on Everything Changes is far less interesting. He uses a diatonic harmonica (normal Richter tuning) for fairly simple stuff: a couple of chords here, a single note line there. But the overall level of playing on this record is so high that Taylors comparative lack of skill on the harp comes across as the weakest thing on it. Its especially noticeable when he plays single note lines; his breathing on the instrument is not controlled enough to give the notes any authority. Maybe he figured the part was so simple that anyone could play it. This is always a mistake, albeit one thats made more frequently with harmonica than with any other instrument.
In Taylors favor, his harmonica playing is no worse than that of a lot of other folkies, and better than many; I wouldnt make such a big deal out of it if this record were not so remarkable in every other way. I repeat my earlier advice: buy this record; play it often. Whether or not your primary interest is in the harmonica work, you will be glad.